TitleAnalysis of the possibility of using single-frequency GNSS receivers for monitoring of the ionosphere
Authors1V.B. Ivanov, 1A.A. Kholmogorov, 2O.A. Gorbachev
Organizations1Irkutsk State University
Irkutsk, Russian Federation
2Irkutsk Branch of the Moscow Civil Technical University of Civil Aviation
Irkutsk, Russian Federation
AbstractThis paper is devoted to the investigation of the capabilities of single-frequency receivers for recording irregular events in the ionosphere. Research was conducted on the example of the following events: solar eclipse on 20 March 2015, powerful earthquakes in Chile on 27 February 2010 and in Japan on 11 March 2011, as well as the explosion of the Chelyabinsk meteoroid on 15 February 2016. Compared the total electron content between the satellite and the receiver for undisturbed days with the perturbation days for search of various deviations in the behavior of it. As a result, it was found that single-frequency receivers allow observing such effects as: smooth decrease, sharp break at the daily total electron content, as well as wave structures on the receiver-satellite path. The obtained results were compared with the data of twofrequency GNSS receivers, both with more accurate and widely proven for ionosphere diagnostics. The data of two-frequency diagnostics do not qualitatively differ from single-frequency diagnostics, however they are more accurate due to various algorithms of total electron content restoration. The main result of the work, in addition to the data of the ionosphere diagnostics, is the conclusion about the applicability of single-frequency receivers for ionosphere diagnostics.
Keywordsionosphere, monitoring, single-frequency measurements, GPS
 Afraimovich E. L., Perevalova N. P. GPS-monitoring verkhnei atmosfery Zemli [GPS-monitoring of the upper atmosphere of the Earth]. Irkutsk, 2006, 480 p. (In Russian)
 Kholmogorov A. A., Ivanov V. B., Kholmogorov A. A. Registratsiya ionosfernogo effekta solnechnogo zatmeniya 20 marta 2015 g. po dannym GPS-monitoringa v odnochastotnom rezhime [Registration of the ionospheric effect of the solar eclipse on March 20, 2015 based on GPS monitoring in single-frequency mode]. Solnechno-zemnayafizika, 2015, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 35-39, DOI: 10.12737/12068. (In Russian)
 Kholmogorov A. A., Ivanov V. B. GPS-Monitoring of the Ionospheric Reaction on Solar Eclipse using Single-Frequency Mode on the Example of Event 20 March 2015. Proceedings of V International conference ATMOSPHERE, IONOSPHERE, SAFETY. 2016, pp. 161–165.
 Gorbachev O. A., Ivanov V. B., Kholmogorov A. A. GPS-registratsiya ionosfernykh effektov zemletryasenii v dvukhchastotnom i odnochastotnom rezhimakh [GPS-registration of ionospheric effects of earthquakes in two-frequency and single-frequency modes]. Sovremennye problem distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2016, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 251–261 (In Russian)
 Astafyeva E., Lognonne P., Rolland L. First ionospheric images of the seismic fault slip on the example of the Tohokuoki earthquake. Geophysical Research Letters, 2011, vol. 38, L22104, DOI: 10.1029/2011GL049623
 Yasyukevich Yu. V., Zakharov V. I., Kunitsin V. E., Voeikov S. V. Otklik ionosfery na zemletryasenie v Yaponii 11 marta 2011 g. po dannym razlichnykh GPS-metodik [The response of the ionosphere to the earthquake in Japan on March 11, 2011, according to various GPS techniques]. Geomagnetizm i aeronomiya, 2015, vol. 55, no.1, pp. 113–122. (In Russian)
 Kakinami Y., Kamogawa M., Tanioka Y., Watanabe S., Gusman A.R., Liu J.-Y., Watanabe Y., Mogi T. Tsunamigenic ionospheric hole. Geophysical Research Letters, 2012, vol. 39, L00G27, DOI: 10.1029/2011GL050159
 Perevalova N. P., Voeikov S. V., Yasyukevich Yu. V., Ishin A. B., Voeikova E. S., San'kov V. A. Issledovanie ionosfernykh vozmushchenii, vyzvannykh zemletryaseniem v Yaponii 11 marta 2011 g., po dannym seti GEONET [The study of ionospheric disturbances caused by the earthquake in Japan on March 11, 2011, according to the GEONET network]. Sovremennye problem distantsionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli iz kosmosa, 2012, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 172–180. (In Russian)
 Tolman B., Harris R. B. The GPS Toolkit. Linux Journal. September, 2004, p. 72.
 Harris R. B., Mach R. G. GPSTk_An Open Source GPS Toolkit. GPS Solutions, March 2007, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 145–150.
 Berngardt O. I., Kotovich G. V., Mikhailov S. Ya., Podlesnyi A. V. Dynamics of vertical ionospheric inhomogeneities over Irkutsk during 06:00–06:20UT 11/03/2011 caused by Tohoku earthquake. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics. 2015, no. 132, pp. 106–115.
 Zuluaga J. I., Ferrin I. A preliminary reconstruction of the orbit of the Chelyabinsk Meteoroid. Available at: https://arxiv.org/abs/1302.5377
 Berngardt O. I., Kurkin V. I., Zherebtsov G. A., Kusonskii O. A., Grigor'eva S. A. Ionosfernyeeffekty v pervye dva chasa posle padeniya meteorita «Chelyabinsk» [Ionospheric effects in the first two hours after the fall of the meteorite «Chelyabinsk»]. Solnechno-zemnayafizika. 2013, no. 24, pp. 3–14. (In Russian)
 Givishvili G. V., Leshchenko L. N., Alpatov V. V., Grigor'eva S. A., Zhuravlev S. V., Kuznetsov V. D., Kusonskii O. A., Lapshin V. B., Rybakov M. V. Ionosfernye effekty stimulirovannye Chelyabinskim meteoritom [Ionospheric effects stimulated by the Chelyabinsk meteorite]. Astronomicheskii vestnik, 2013, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 304–311. (In Russian)
 Tertyshnikov A. V., Alpatov V. V., Glukhov Ya. V., Davidenko D. V. Regional'nye vozmushcheniya ionosfery i oshibki pozitsionirovaniya nazemnogo navigatsionnogo priemnika pri vzryve Chelyabinskogo (Chebarkul'skogo) meteoroida 15.02.2013 g. [Regional perturbations of the ionosphere and errors in positioning of the ground navigation receiver during the explosion of the Chelyabinsk (Chebarkul) meteoroid February 15, 2013]. Geliogeofizicheskie issledovaniya. 2013, no. 5, pp. 65–73. (In Russian)
For citing this articleIvanov V.B., Kholmogorov A.A., Gorbachev O.A. Analysis of the possibility of using single-frequency GNSS receivers for monitoring of the ionosphere // The Research of the Science City, 2017, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 130-138. doi: 10.26732/2225-9449-2017-3-130-138
This Article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).