№2 2022


Principles of construction and application areas of small spacecraft based on unified space platforms


2V.M. Kulkov, 1S.O. Firsyuk, 1A.M. Yurov, 1S.A. Tuzikov, 2Yu.G. Egorov, 1S.W. Yoon


1Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University)
Moscow, Russian Federation
2Research Institute for Applied Mechanics and Electrodynamics of Moscow Aviation Institute
Moscow, Russian Federation


The conceptual options for small spacecraft on the basis of a unified space platform are analyzed, the areas of rational use of the unified space platform as part of the small spacecraft for solving a wide range of tasks, including monitoring of the Arctic regions, are explored. Methodical approaches are given to ensure the design analysis of circuit solutions of the unified space platform for small spacecraft remote sensing. The actual problem of selecting the standard size of the unified space platform, evaluating the effectiveness of its use, taking into account the necessary modernization for a specific payload, is being investigated. A technique and models for selecting the parameters for the modification of the remote sensing satellites have been developed. The application of the methodology makes it possible to determine the rational parameters for modifying the remote sensing spacecraft, to evaluate the impact of the features of design solutions and external relations on the total costs in the implementation of the project for the creation of the unified space platform. The relevance of research is related to the need to create competitive variants of small-sized spacecraft based on a unified space platform, designed to provide monitoring of high-latitude regions using the small spacecraft system.


small spacecraft, unified space platform, modular construction, design, range of effective application, remote sensing of the Earth, monitoring of high-latitude regions


[1] Blinov V. N., Ivanov N. N., Sechenov Yu. N., Shalay V. V. Malye kosmicheskie apparaty. Kniga 3. Minisputniki. Unificirovannye kosmicheskie platformy dlya malyh kosmicheskih apparatov [Small spacecrafts. Book 3. Minisatellites. Unified space platforms for small spacecraft]. Omsk, Publishing House of OmSTU, 2010, 348 p. (In Russian)

[2] State-of-Art Small Spacecraft Technology. Small Spacecraft Systems Virtual Institute/Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, California, NASA/TP-20210021263, 2021.

[3] Kulkov V. M. Issledovanie proektnyh parametrov i analiz effektivnosti primeneniya unificirovannyh platform s elektroraketnymi dvigatelyami v sostave malyh kosmicheskih apparatov [Study of design parameters and analysis of the effectiveness of the use of unified platforms with electric propulsion thrusters as part of small spacecraft] // Bulletin of the Moscow Aviation Institute, 2012, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 18–28. (In Russian)

[4] Kulkov V. M. Postroenie kompleksa proektnyh modelej dlya parametricheskogo analiza malyh kosmicheskih apparatov s elektroraketnymi dvigatelyami [Construction of a complex of design models for parametric analysis of small spacecraft with electric propulsion thrusters] // Bulletin of the Moscow Aviation Institute, 2012, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 44–55. (In Russian)

[5] Kulkov V. M., Egorov Yu. G., Krainov A. M., Shakhanov A. E., Elnikov R. V. On the Problem of Designing Small Spacecraft with Electric Propulsion Power Plants for Studying Minor Bodies of the Solar System // Solar System Research, 2016, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 533–539.

[6] Akhmetzhanov R., Bogatyy A., Dyakonov G., Korolyov D., Kashirin D., Popov G., Semenikhin S. Electric Propulsion Thrusters of Next Generation Developed at RIAME MAI for Small Satellites // 7th Russian–German Conference on Electric Propulsion and Their Application, Marburg, Germany, 2018.

[7] Chernov A. A., Chernyavsky G. M. Orbity sputnikov distancionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli. Lekcii i uprazhneniya [Orbits of satellites for remote sensing of the Earth. Lectures and exercises]. Moscow, Radio and communication, 2004, 200 p. (In Russian)

[8] Verba V. S., Neronsky L. B., Osipov I. G., Turuk V. E. Radiolokacionnye sistemy zemleobzora kosmicheskogo bazirovaniya [Space-borne Earth Surveillance Radar Systems]. Moscow, Radio engineering, 2010, 680 p. (In Russian)

[9] Matveev Yu. A., Lamzin V. A., Lamzin V. V. Osnovy proektirovaniya modifikacij kosmicheskih apparatov distancionnogo zondirovaniya Zemli [Fundamentals of designing modifications of spacecraft for remote sensing of the Earth]. Moscow, MAI Publishing House, 2015, 174 p. (In Russian)

[10] Chebotarev V. E., Zimin I. I., Vnukov A. A. Issledovanie diapazonov effektivnogo primeneniya unificirovannyh kosmicheskih platform dlya geostacionarnyh sputnikov svyazi [Research of the ranges of effective application of unified space platforms for geostationary communication satellites] // Spacecrafts & Technologies, 2021, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 51–56. doi: 10.26732/ (In Russian)

For citing this article

Kulkov V.M., Firsyuk S.O., Yurov A.M., Tuzikov S.A., Egorov Yu.G., Yoon S.W. Principles of construction and application areas of small spacecraft based on unified space platforms // Spacecrafts & Technologies, 2022, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 133-143. doi: 10.26732/

Creative Commons License
This Article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).